News & Views

New agreement paves way for development of first African-owned COVID-19 vaccine

A year after the establishment of the mRNA Vaccine Technology Transfer Hub, Afrigen and
Univercells enter a new agreement to develop the first African-own COVID-19 vaccine

the establishment of the mRNA Vaccine Technology Transfer Hub, a collaboration between
two of the world’s leading biotech companies – Afrigen Biologics and the Univercells Group
– was announced today. This agreement intends to pave the way for the development of the
first-ever African-owned COVID-19 vaccine. The collaboration will focus on the development
of a novel mRNA vaccine using intellectual property from the collaboration partners, as well as
developing new IP, and is intended to supercharge access to the vaccine. Afrigen and
Univercells will be supported in the collaboration by mRNA specialist eTheRNA.

The companies will collectively tackle two major challenges that have hampered the rollout of
COVID-19 vaccines in Africa and other low- and middle-income countries (LMICs): lack of local
cost-effective production, and the need for cold- or super-cold chains.

At present, African countries import 99% of all the vaccines that they use. This lack of local
production has contributed to challenges in COVID-19 vaccine rollout where, although more
than 60% of the global population has been fully vaccinated, some LMICs are yet to deliver
even a single dose to 1% of their population. An African-owned COVID-19 vaccine is
considered a critical step to closing this gap.

Furthermore, cold chain storage and distribution, especially the super-cold chains required for
existing mRNA vaccines are expensive and present a logistical challenge for many countries.
The agreement paves the way for the production of an mRNA vaccine that is thermostable at
temperatures used in regular refrigerators, making it easier to store and distribute in rural and
remote locations where fewest people are currently vaccinated.

Afrigen Biologics (“Afrigen”) will host the new collaboration at their sites in Cape Town, South
Africa. Afrigen hosts the World Health Organization’s Global mRNA Vaccine Technology
Transfer Hub and is working to facilitate production of mRNA vaccines at over 15 designated
manufacturing sites in LMICs across the world. The agreement, and the eventual vaccine
produced, will build on the expertise developed through the Hub.

Speaking at an event to mark the signing of the agreement, Professor Petro Terblanche,
Afrigen Managing Director, said: “The COVID-19 pandemic has shown that there is a pressing
need to build African capabilities in vaccine development and manufacturing. Without the
capacity to make their own vaccines, too many countries haven’t been able to access them.
This agreement is an important step towards ensuring that everyone, everywhere – in Africa,
and across LMICs – has access to life-saving vaccines and medicines.”

In addition to developing a novel vaccine, the collaboration intends to pioneer a new model of
manufacturing for mRNA vaccines. Quantoom Biosciences, a Univercells company, is
developing an mRNA production technology that ecompasses all the steps of RNA production,
from sequence contruct to large scale production, allowing for rapid growth and scale-up.
Dramatically more efficient than existing methods, it was built with distributed and decentralized manufacturing in mind – ensuring that processes can be easily transferred across
LMICs. The system is designed to support the expansion of capacity and enables production
at a large scale – allowing for rapid growth and scale-up. By working with eTheRNA , the
COVID vaccine produced on the Univercells system will have improved thermostability, which
is critically important in LMICs.

Dr Martin Friede, Vaccines and Biologicals (IVB), World Health Organisation, said, “The WHO
mRNA Technology Transfer Hub is designed to establish and share know-how on mRNA
vaccines with LMICs globally. It will increase the capacity of LMICs to be self-sufficient in terms
of outbreak response, and enables the addressing of regional needs through R&D. This unique
partnership model enables the sharing of information, technology and human capital, and has
potential to shape vaccine production worldwide. The WHO and its partners are committed to
ensuring that we build robust system to further the cause of vaccine equity and access.”

José Castillo, Co-Founder of Univercells Group and CEO of Quantoom Biosciences, said:
“The existing global model for vaccine manufacturing has failed millions of people during the
pandemic. We believe a new model is needed where manufacturers are not locked-in to any
individual product but have technology which enables them to manufacture the right vaccine
or medicine at the right time. Our system, which was initially developed with funding from the
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, is built with this flexibility in mind. The foundation has
provided funding to Univercells for many years to support the development of biomanufacturing
solutions that promote affordability and autonomy. We are delighted to work with our partners
to produce a truly free-to-operate mRNA vaccine platform.”

Bernard Sagaert, Chief Operational Officer of eTheRNA, concluded: “This research and
development collaboration will be supported by multiple layers of our technologies, from the
processes licensed to Quantoom previously for the procedure to run on the equipment, to the
formulation of the lipid nanoparticles, including the processes to make the LNP and the
technology and the processes needed to produce a thermostable vaccine though
lyophilisation. This will allow for storage in normal fridges which are more accessible than -20
or -80°C freezers, especially in LMIC. All of these technologies are needed for the end goal of
making a vaccine accessible for low and middle income countries. We are very happy to be
part of this initiative and work together to enhance the prospects of making vaccines more
accessible globally.”